CASH CROPS OF BANGLADESH Introduction: Tea is the most popular drink nowadays. Almost all men — rich or poor, young or old — have tea once or twice a day, it’s a kind of hot drink. We get it from tea leaves. Where grown: Tea grows in China, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and India. In Bangladesh, there are tea gardens in the hilly parts of Sylhet, Comilla and Chittagong Hill Tracts. Size of the plant: The tea plant is an evergreen shrub. In its wild state, it is allowed to grow twenty to thirty feet high. But in the tea-garden, it is trimmed down and allowed to grow three to four feet high. How collected: When the tea-plants are about four years old the first leaves are gathered. The plants give more and more leaves until they are ten years old. The leaves are plucked three times a year. The first crop of leaves is plucked in April, the second in June and the third in July. The plants are cut down when they are ten years old. New shoots then grow from the roots
Production and blending
The leaves are spread lightly over wire trays after they have been gathered. When they are thus dried, they are rolled over with machines. Thus the juice is pressed out of their leaves then spread out on the floor of a moist room. When the colors of the leaves change from green to copper, they are carried to a hot-air room. There they grow dry, black and brittle. Thus the leaves are made ready to be used for the drink. Process of preparing the drink: It is easy to prepare tea as a drink. A quantity of tea is put in a kettle of
‘boiling water’. After a few minutes, the boiled leaves are separated from the liquor. Then the liquor is poured into a cup. Some milk and sugar are mixed with it. Thus we get tea as a tasty drink. Demerits: Tea is refreshing. It relieves us after hard labor. It may be used as medicine. Recently some doctors in China have opined that tea, especially green tea, is an antidote to cancer. But drinking tea is excessively harmful to health. It causes
Bangladesh produces a lot of good quality tea. It is also a cash crop of Bangladesh. She earns much foreign exchange by exporting it. So measures should be taken for its increased production. The number of tea gardens should increase. Exige
Composition 445 (e) Process of cultivation / Condition and climate of its growth / 1low grown: The cultivation of Jute is a hard task. It grows in the humid climate and in swampy lands. The land needs to be well-plowed and well-harrowed. Manure is needed for its succe8sful growth. The cultivators sow seeds after a good shower. of rain in the month of April, little plants grow in a few days. Grasses and other weeds are pulled out at intervals very carefully. (d) Extraction & processing: When they become eight to ten cubits high, the plants are cut, tied up in bundles and kept
underwater for a few days
When they get rotten, the fibers are washed and dried and as jute, they are made ready for sale, Importance / Utility / Uses: Jute is used in making cloth, shawl, paper, ropes, gunny bags, and many other useful things. Its stalks are corky. It is used for fuel and fencing. We take its tender leaves as a leafy vegetable. A cash crop of Bangladesh: Jute is the main cash crop of Bangladesh. We earn a lot of foreign currency by exporting jute, so it plays an important role in the economic prosperity of Bangladesh.
Jute industry: Jute is our monopoly business. We have got some jute mills in our country. We need more jute mills in order to grow our jute industry, Conclusion: There is a great demand for jute in the world market. It is exported to foreign countries, thus it earns a lot of foreign money. It is also golden in color. So jute is called the golden fiber of Bangladesh.